| WHAT YOU CAN DO
So far, most bacterial infections can still be controlled by antibiotics. Following these suggestions can help increase the chance that they stay susceptible to our current arsenal of drugs.
Do not expect to or demand antibiotics when you are told by a doctor that you have a viral infection. Antibiotics have no effect on viral infections like colds, influenza and viral bronchitis. Understand that antibiotics must be prescribed appropriately.
When antibiotics are needed, take them exactly as prescribed for as long as the directions specify. Do not stop taking antibiotics when you start to feel better. Finish the prescription as instructed by your doctor.
Ask the doctor to give you the most specific antibiotic possible, rather than a broad-spectum drug. This might mean waiting a day or so for the results of a culture test, to find out what kind of infection you have.
If your symptoms do not improve soon after taking antibiotics, see your doctor. This could be a sign that the medication is not working.
Take only antibiotics prescribed for your own current illness. Do not save antibiotics for late use with other illnesses. Do not share antibiotics with others.
Reduce the need for antibiotics by decreasing the spread of infections. Make sure you and your family have all needed immunizations. Make a habit to wash hands often with soap and warm water.
Source: World Health Organization