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Go to Rekindling the Spirit: The Rebirth of American Indian Spirituality
DocumentRekindling the Spirit: The Rebirth of American Indian Spirituality
DocumentPart 1: The spirits spoke to him
DocumentPart 2: The seventh fire
DocumentPart 3: Christianizing the Indians
DocumentPart 4: One church, two traditions
DocumentPart 5: Where tradition thrives
DocumentPart 6: Ceremony and symbolism
DocumentPart 7: The healing spirit
DocumentPart 8: Returning to the Red Road
Document'The jewelry on American culture'
DocumentPreserving the language
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The seven grandfathers
Many Anishinaabe people use seven basic principles to guide how they live. These teachings are known as the Seven Grandfathers.

The Seven Grandfathers

Nbaakaawin -– Wisdom: To cherish knowledge is to know wisdom. Wisdom is given by the Creator to be used for the good of the people.

Zaagidwin -- Love: Love must be unconditional. When people are weak they need love the most.

Mnaadendmowin -- Respect: Have respect for all that is. All of creation should be treated with respect. You must give respect if you wish to be respected.

Aakdehewin -- Bravery: To face a foe with integrity. To do what's right even when the consequences are unpleasant.

Gwekwaadziwin -- Honesty: Always be honest in word and action. Be honest first with yourself, and you will more easily be able to be honest with others.

Dbaadendizin -- Humility: You are equal to others, but you are not better.

Debwewin -- Truth: Speak the truth. Do not deceive yourself or others.

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