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Go to Rekindling the Spirit: The Rebirth of American Indian Spirituality
DocumentRekindling the Spirit: The Rebirth of American Indian Spirituality
DocumentPart 1: The spirits spoke to him
DocumentPart 2: The seventh fire
DocumentPart 3: Christianizing the Indians
DocumentPart 4: One church, two traditions
DocumentPart 5: Where tradition thrives
DocumentPart 6: Ceremony and symbolism
DocumentPart 7: The healing spirit
DocumentPart 8: Returning to the Red Road
Document'The jewelry on American culture'
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A glossary of Native spirituality
Definitions and observations about some of the most common terms, symbols and beliefs involved in Anishinaabe spiritual practices.


The Seven Fires:
Seven prophets came to the Anishinaabe. These prophets left the people with seven predictions of what the future would bring. Each of the prophecies was called a fire and each fire referred to a particular era of time that would come in the future. Thus, the teachings of the seven prophets are now called the Seven Fires. Read.

The Seven Grandfathers:
Many Anishinaabe people use seven basic principles to guide how they live. These teachings are known as the Seven Grandfathers. Read.

(Each audio link includes the Ojibwe pronunciation and observations on that theme by various tribal elders and experts. Translations provided by Tony Treuer.)

Creation: Paul Schultz, White Earth spiritual leader; Shaun Fahrlander, writer. Listen.

Great Spirit: Paul Schultz. Listen.

Afterlife: Paul Schultz; Frank Dickenson, Red Lake tribal elder. Listen.

Tobacco: Frank Dickenson. Listen.

Sweat lodge: Paul Schultz. Listen.

Sage, pipe, smudging: Bob Shimek. Listen.

Grand Medicine: Larry Aitken, Leech Lake spiritual healer; Frank Dickenson. Listen.

Healing: Paul Schultz. Listen.

Prayer: Michael Dahl, White Earth spiritual mentor. Listen.

Talking circle: Dr. Fred Ness, Mille Lacs physician. Listen.

Spiritual role of women: Tony Treuer, Ojibwe language professor; Tara Roy, counselor for Young Warrior Society. Listen.

Wenabozho: Tony Treuer, Michael Dahl. Listen.

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